In-vitro-Fertilization (IVF) is a common infertility treatment. During the procedure, a fertility doctor takes the eggs from the ovaries using a small needle and fertilizes them with sperm in a specialized lab. After fertilization happens, the eggs develop into embryos. Three to five days later, the specialist re-implants the embryos back into the uterus.
Egg Retrieval: A minor surgical procedure in which a doctor obtains eggs from the follicles of the ovaries.
Donor l Insemination: A gynecologist places sperm directly inside the vagina at the cervix or inside the uterus (called Intrauterine Insemination or IUI). Donor insemination was previously called Artificial Insemination.
Embryo Development: When the sperm successfully fertilizes the egg, an embryo forms and begins to grow. When the embryo is 2 to 3 days old it at the ‘cleavage stage’; at 5 to 6 days old, it is called a ‘blastocyst’.
Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI): A single sperm is injected into an egg to trigger fertilization. This is done with special equipment in the embryology laboratory.
Assisted Hatching: A laser or chemical solution is used on the embryo to increase the chances it will implant in the lining of the uterus (endometrium).
Embryo Transfer: Fertilized eggs (embryos) are placed back into the woman’s uterus or fallopian tube through the cervix.
Embryo Cryopreservation: An embryo is frozen at very cold temperatures. The preserved embryos can be used for future use.