Open Heart Surgeries
Open-heart surgery may be done to perform a CABG. A coronary artery bypass graft may be necessary for people with coronary heart disease.
Coronary heart disease occurs when the blood vessels that provide blood and oxygen to the heart muscle become narrow and hard. This is often called “hardening of the arteries.”
Hardening occurs when fatty material forms a plaque on the walls of the coronary arteries. This plaque narrows the arteries, making it difficult for blood to get through. When blood can’t flow properly to the heart, a heart attack may occur.Best Open Heart Surgeries Hospital in India.
Open-heart surgery is also done to:
repair or replace heart valves, which allow blood to travel through the heart
repair damaged or abnormal areas of the heart
implant medical devices that help the heart beat properly
replace a damaged heart with a donated heart (heart transplantation)
How is open-heart surgery performed?
According to the National Institutes of Health, a CABG takes from three to six hours. It’s generally done following these basic steps:
The patient is given general anesthesia. This ensures that they will be asleep and pain free through the whole surgery.
The surgeon makes an 8- to 10-inch cut in the chest.
The surgeon cuts through all or part of the patient’s breastbone to expose the heart.
Once the heart is visible, the patient may be connected to a heart-lung bypass machine. The machine moves blood away from the heart so that the surgeon can operate. Some newer procedures do not use this machine.
The surgeon uses a healthy vein or artery to make a new path around the blocked artery.
The surgeon closes the breastbone with wire, leaving the wire inside the body.
The original cut is stitched up.
Sometimes sternal plating is done for people at high risk, such as those who’ve had multiple surgeries or people of advanced age. Sternal plating is when the breastbone is rejoined with small titanium plates after the surgery.