The Arterial Switch surgery is also known as the Jatene Switch Procedure which is an intervention designed to correct the D-transposition of the great arteries (D-TGA) at the level of the aorta and main pulmonary artery.
During the surgery, arteries are put back in their correct place. The aorta is detached from the right atrium and connected to the left atrium. On the other hand, the pulmonary artery is detached from the left atrium and tied to the right atrium. Subsequently, the coronary arteries are cut out of the pulmonary artery and attached to the aorta. Being a complicated surgery, only a highly experienced cardiac surgeon can successfully treat the condition. In addition, the success rate of the operation varies from 62-76%.